Ejercicios de Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses en inglés (2º Bach)

Actividad 1: Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses

En esta actividad, practicarás la construcción de Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses en inglés. Completa los siguientes ejercicios:

Ejercicio 1:

1. The car that is parked outside belongs to my neighbor.

2. The book that I borrowed from the library is very interesting.

3. The house that Jack built is now a museum.

4. The dog that is barking loudly woke me up.

5. The cat that I adopted from the shelter is very playful.

6. The movie that won the Oscar is now available on DVD.

7. The restaurant that we went to last night had delicious food.

8. The computer that she bought was on sale.

9. The painting that hangs in the living room is a family heirloom.

10. The teacher that taught me math was very patient.

Ejercicio 2:

1. My sister, who is a doctor, works at the hospital.

2. Tom, who is my best friend, is coming to the party.

3. The new laptop, which I bought yesterday, is very fast.

4. The book, which was written by my favorite author, is a bestseller.

5. The movie, which I watched last night, was very entertaining.

6. The city, where I grew up, is known for its beautiful beaches.

7. The restaurant, where we had dinner, had a great view of the city.

8. The park, where we went for a walk, is very peaceful.

9. The car, which is parked outside, is mine.

10. The house, which is painted yellow, stands out in the neighborhood.

Ejercicio 3:

1. My brother, who lives in London, is a lawyer.

2. The cake, which was baked by my mom, is delicious.

3. The movie, which was directed by a famous filmmaker, won several awards.

4. The girl, who is wearing a red dress, is my cousin.

5. The dog, who is playing in the park, is very friendly.

6. The plane, which was delayed for two hours, finally took off.

7. The city, which is famous for its museums, attracts many tourists.

8. The restaurant, where we had lunch, had excellent service.

9. The hotel, where we stayed, was comfortable and clean.

10. The book, that I read last week, was very inspiring.

Respuestas:

1. The car that is parked outside belongs to my neighbor.

2. The book that I borrowed from the library is very interesting.

3. The house that Jack built is now a museum.

4. The dog that is barking loudly woke me up.

5. The cat that I adopted from the shelter is very playful.

6. The movie that won the Oscar is now available on DVD.

7. The restaurant that we went to last night had delicious food.

8. The computer that she bought was on sale.

9. The painting that hangs in the living room is a family heirloom.

10. The teacher that taught me math was very patient.

Respuestas Ejercicio 2:

1. My sister, who is a doctor, works at the hospital.

2. Tom, who is my best friend, is coming to the party.

3. The new laptop, which I bought yesterday, is very fast.

4. The book, which was written by my favorite author, is a bestseller.

5. The movie, which I watched last night, was very entertaining.

6. The city, where I grew up, is known for its beautiful beaches.

7. The restaurant, where we had dinner, had a great view of the city.

8. The park, where we went for a walk, is very peaceful.

9. The car, which is parked outside, is mine.

10. The house, which is painted yellow, stands out in the neighborhood.

Respuestas Ejercicio 3:

1. My brother, who lives in London, is a lawyer.

2. The cake, which was baked by my mom, is delicious.

3. The movie, which was directed by a famous filmmaker, won several awards.

4. The girl, who is wearing a red dress, is my cousin.

5. The dog, who is playing in the park, is very friendly.

6. The plane, which was delayed for two hours, finally took off.

7. The city, which is famous for its museums, attracts many tourists.

8. The restaurant, where we had lunch, had excellent service.

9. The hotel, where we stayed, was comfortable and clean.

10. The book, that I read last week, was very inspiring.

📝 Tips para entender las oraciones de relativo definidas e indefinidas (Defining and Non-Defining Relative Clauses)

1. Identifica el antecedente: Antes de comenzar a construir una oración de relativo, es importante identificar cuál es el sustantivo al que nos referimos. Este sustantivo es conocido como el antecedente y nos ayudará a determinar si la oración de relativo es definida o indefinida.

2. Usa «that» para oraciones de relativo definidas: Cuando queramos hacer una oración de relativo definida, generalmente utilizamos la palabra «that» como pronombre relativo. Por ejemplo: «The book that I am reading is very interesting» (El libro que estoy leyendo es muy interesante). En este caso, «that» introduce una oración de relativo definida porque estamos especificando cuál libro es el que estamos leyendo.

3. Utiliza «which» o «who» para oraciones de relativo indefinidas: Cuando queramos hacer una oración de relativo indefinida, generalmente utilizamos las palabras «which» o «who» como pronombres relativos. Por ejemplo: «I bought a new phone, which is very expensive» (Compré un teléfono nuevo, el cual es muy caro). En este caso, «which» introduce una oración de relativo indefinida porque no estamos especificando un teléfono en particular, sino que estamos hablando en general de cualquier teléfono nuevo.

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