Ejercicios de Estilo Indirecto a Estilo Directo con Soluciones en inglés

Introducción:

Este artículo presenta tres actividades distintas para practicar la conversión de estilo indirecto a estilo directo en inglés. El estilo directo se utiliza para citar las palabras exactas de una persona, mientras que el estilo indirecto se utiliza para para referirse a lo que una persona ha dicho sin citarla textualmente. Estas actividades te ayudarán a familiarizarte con la estructura y las reglas gramaticales necesarias para convertir correctamente el estilo indirecto al estilo directo.

Actividad 1: Completa las siguientes oraciones convirtiendo el estilo indirecto al estilo directo.

1. She said (that) she had already completed the assignment.

2. He told me (that) he was going to the concert.

3. They asked (me) if I had seen the new movie.

4. The teacher wanted to know who had done their homework.

5. The boss told his employees (that) they could leave early.

6. She wondered aloud (if) she should take the job offer.

7. He mentioned (that) he had seen the movie twice.

8. They explained (that) the meeting had been canceled.

9. The doctor advised him to get more rest.

10. She asked me (if) I knew the answer.

Soluciones:

1. «I have already completed the assignment.» [Said she.]

2. «I am going to the concert.» [Told he (me).]

3. «Have you seen the new movie?» [Asked they (me).]

4. «Who has done their homework?» [Wanted the teacher to know.]

5. «You can leave early.» [Told the boss to his employees.]

6. «Should I take the job offer?» [Wondered she aloud.]

7. «I have seen the movie twice.» [Mentioned he.]

8. «The meeting has been canceled.» [Explained they.]

9. «You should get more rest.» [Advised the doctor (to) him.]

10. «Do you know the answer?» [Asked she (me).]

Actividad 2: Reescribe las siguientes oraciones en estilo directo.

1. She asked her friend if he could lend her some money.

2. He told me (that) he didn’t want to go to the party.

3. They wondered (aloud) why the train was delayed.

4. The teacher asked the student if he had finished his homework.

5. She told her sister (that) she was going to travel around the world.

6. He asked the woman if she had seen his keys.

7. They wanted to know (that) she had arrived safely.

8. The doctor advised his patient to stop smoking.

9. She wondered (aloud) if it would rain later.

10. He asked me (if) I had called the bank.

Soluciones:

1. «Can you lend me some money?» she asked her friend.

2. «I don’t want to go to the party,» he told me.

3. «Why is the train delayed?» they wondered (aloud).

4. «Have you finished your homework?» the teacher asked the student.

5. «I am going to travel around the world,» she told her sister.

6. «Have you seen my keys?» he asked the woman.

7. «Has she arrived safely?» they wanted to know.

8. «You should stop smoking,» the doctor advised his patient.

9. «Will it rain later?» she wondered (aloud).

10. «Have you called the bank?» he asked me.

Actividad 3: Completa las siguientes oraciones utilizando estilo directo.

1. The teacher asked the students (if) they had done their homework.

2. She wondered (aloud) whether she should accept the job offer.

3. He told his parents (that) he had passed the exam.

4. They asked the waitress (if) they could have the menu.

5. The manager told his team (that) they needed to work harder.

6. She wondered (if) the store had any discounts.

7. He mentioned (that) he had been to Italy several times.

8. The doctor advised her to exercise regularly.

9. They asked the receptionist (if) they could check in.

10. She asked him (if) he had received her message.

Soluciones:

1. «Have you done your homework?» the teacher asked the students.

2. «Should I accept the job offer?» she wondered (aloud).

3. «I have passed the exam,» he told his parents.

4. «Can we have the menu?» they asked the waitress.

5. «You need to work harder,» the manager told his team.

6. «Do you have any discounts?» she wondered.

7. «I have been to Italy several times,» he mentioned.

8. «You should exercise regularly,» the doctor advised her.

9. «Can we check in?» they asked the receptionist.

10. «Did you receive my message?» she asked him.

📝 Trucos para el estilo indirecto

1. Cambia los verbos y pronombres: En el estilo indirecto, los verbos y pronombres deben cambiar para reflejar que estamos hablando de lo que otra persona dijo o pensó. Por ejemplo, si alguien dijo «I am going to the store» (Voy a la tienda), en el estilo indirecto sería «He/she said that he/she was going to the store» (Dijo que iba a la tienda).

2. Utiliza conectores y conjunciones: El estilo indirecto a menudo se introduce con conectores y conjunciones como «that», «if», «whether» y «whether or not». Estas palabras ayudan a indicar que estamos reportando lo que alguien más dijo o pensó. Por ejemplo, «She asked if I had finished my homework» (Ella preguntó si había terminado mi tarea).

3. Cambia los tiempos verbales: En el estilo indirecto, los tiempos verbales a menudo cambian para reflejar el momento en el que se hizo o pensó algo. Por ejemplo, si alguien dijo «I will call you tomorrow» (Te llamaré mañana), en el estilo indirecto sería «He/she said that he/she would call you the next day» (Dijo que te llamaría al día siguiente).

Recuerda practicar estos trucos con diferentes ejemplos y presta atención a los cambios necesarios en los verbos, pronombres, conectores y tiempos verbales para dominar el estilo indirecto en inglés.

Otras actividades: