Ejercicios de Frases de Defining and Non-defining Relative Clauses en inglés

Actividad 1: Defining Relative Clauses

Esta actividad consiste en practicar frases con Defining Relative Clauses en inglés. Debes identificar y subrayar la palabra clave en cada oración y escribir la respuesta al final.

  1. My sister, who is a doctor, works in a hospital.
  2. I have a friend whose father is a pilot.
  3. The girl who won the competition received a trophy.
  4. The house that is next to the park is for sale.
  5. The book that I borrowed from the library is very interesting.
  6. The man who is wearing a black hat is the suspect.
  7. I like the movie that we watched last night.
  8. The students who studied diligently passed the exam.
  9. She lives in a small town that is located in the mountains.
  10. The car that my brother bought is red.

Actividad 2: Non-defining Relative Clauses

Esta actividad se centra en ejercicios con Non-defining Relative Clauses en inglés. Debes identificar y subrayar la palabra clave en cada oración y escribir la respuesta al final.

  1. My best friend, who is a teacher, loves her job.
  2. John, whose parents live in Australia, often visits them.
  3. The dog, which is black and white, is very friendly.
  4. The Statue of Liberty, which is located in New York, is a famous landmark.
  5. The movie, which we watched last night, was really entertaining.
  6. The new restaurant, which serves delicious food, is always busy.
  7. My sister, whose favorite color is blue, loves to paint.
  8. The book, which was written by Shakespeare, is a classic.
  9. I have a friend, who speaks three languages fluently.
  10. The car, which was parked outside, was stolen.

Actividad 3: Mixed Relative Clauses

Esta actividad mezcla frases de Defining y Non-defining Relative Clauses en inglés. Debes identificar y subrayar la palabra clave en cada oración y escribir la respuesta al final.

  1. My brother, who lives in London, is an architect.
  2. The book, which was recommended by my teacher, is very informative.
  3. The cat, which is sleeping on the mat, belongs to my neighbor.
  4. The girl, whose mother is a famous actress, won an award.
  5. The song, which was written by a famous singer, is a hit.
  6. My brother’s car, which is red, is very fast.
  7. The hotel, which is located near the beach, has a beautiful view.
  8. My aunt, who lives in Spain, is coming to visit us.
  9. The restaurant, which serves delicious Italian food, is always busy.
  10. The girl, who won the competition, is my classmate.

📝 Tips para entender las relative clauses

Aquí tienes tres trucos breves para ayudarte a aprender a hacer las relative clauses en inglés:

1. Identifica el pronombre relativo: El primer paso para crear una relative clause es identificar el pronombre relativo que une la frase subordinada con la principal. Algunos ejemplos comunes son «who» (quien), «which» (cual) y «that» (que).

2. Observa el antecedente: El antecedente es la palabra a la que se refiere el pronombre relativo. Es importante tener claro cuál es para asegurarse de que simplemente no repitas información. Por ejemplo, si el antecedente es una persona, usarías «who» en lugar de «which».

3. Construye la frase subordinada: La relative clause debe proporcionar información adicional sobre el antecedente. Puedes comenzar construyendo una frase completa con el pronombre relativo y luego incorporarla a la oración principal. Por ejemplo, «I have a friend who is a doctor» (Tengo un amigo que es médico).

Espero que estos trucos te ayuden a comprender y utilizar las relative clauses en inglés de manera más fácil. Practica con ejemplos y sigue aprendiendo sobre su uso y estructura para mejorar aún más tus habilidades.

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