Ejercicios de Gramática: Pasado Perfecto Continuo y Presente en inglés

Actividad 1:

Instrucciones: Lee las siguientes oraciones y elige la forma correcta del Pasado Perfecto Continuo o Presente en cada caso.

1. I ________ (study) all night, so I am very tired now.

2. She ________ (work) at the company for five years before she got promoted.

3. They ________ (wait) for the bus for over an hour before it finally arrived.

4. He ________ (live) in New York for six months and then moved to Los Angeles.

5. We ________ (watch) TV when the power went out.

6. The kids ________ (play) in the park for hours before it started to rain.

7. My parents ________ (travel) around Europe for a month last summer.

8. She ________ (cook) dinner when the guests arrived.

9. We ________ (wait) in line for tickets when the concert was suddenly canceled.

10. The dog ________ (chase) its tail for hours before it finally got tired.

Respuestas:

1. have been studying

2. had been working

3. had been waiting

4. had lived

5. were watching

6. had been playing

7. had been traveling

8. was cooking

9. were waiting

10. had been chasing

Actividad 2:

Instrucciones: Completa cada frase con la forma correcta del Pasado Perfecto Continuo o Presente.

1. By the time Sarah arrived, I ________ (wait) for over an hour.

2. I ________ (live) in this city for five years before I moved to another country.

3. They ________ (study) English for six months before they took the proficiency exam.

4. We ________ (eat) at that restaurant many times and the food is always delicious.

5. He ________ (play) the guitar since he was a teenager.

6. She ________ (work) as a teacher for ten years before she became a writer.

7. The team ________ (practice) for days before the important game.

8. They ________ (travel) to many different countries in the past year.

9. I ________ (watch) the movie twice already, but I’m still not tired of it.

10. The baby ________ (sleep) for only a few minutes before waking up again.

Respuestas:

1. had been waiting

2. had lived

3. had been studying

4. have eaten

5. has been playing

6. had been working

7. had been practicing

8. have traveled

9. have watched

10. had been sleeping

Actividad 3:

Instrucciones: Completa cada oración usando la forma correcta del Pasado Perfecto Continuo o Presente.

1. Tom ________ (practice) his guitar for two hours every day.

2. I ________ (live) in this city for as long as I can remember.

3. We ________ (wait) for the bus, but it never arrived.

4. She ________ (study) English at the university before she moved to a different country.

5. They ________ (work) on the project for months and finally finished it.

6. By the time I got home, my family ________ (decorate) the house for Christmas.

7. He ________ (travel) to many countries and learned a lot about different cultures.

8. We ________ (paint) the walls of the living room, so it looks brand new now.

9. The children ________ (play) outside all afternoon until it started raining.

10. She ________ (teach) at the school for ten years before she retired.

Respuestas:

1. has been practicing

2. have lived

3. were waiting

4. had been studying

5. had been working

6. had decorated

7. has traveled

8. have painted

9. had been playing

10. had been teaching

📝 Tips para entender el pasado perfecto continuo y presente

1. Para formar el pasado perfecto continuo en inglés, utiliza el pasado del verbo «to have» seguido de «been» y el gerundio del verbo principal. Por ejemplo: «He had been studying for hours before the exam» (Él había estado estudiando durante horas antes del examen).

2. Recuerda que el presente continuo se forma usando el presente del verbo «to be» seguido del gerundio del verbo principal. Por ejemplo: «She is studying right now» (Ella está estudiando en este momento).

3. Para preguntar en pasado perfecto continuo, utiliza «had» seguido de sujeto + «been» + verbo en gerundio. Por ejemplo: «Had they been sleeping when the storm started?» (¿Habían estado durmiendo cuando comenzó la tormenta?).

4. Para hacer afirmaciones en presente continuo, utiliza el sujeto + «is/are/am» + verbo en gerundio. Por ejemplo: «They are playing soccer» (Ellos están jugando al fútbol).

5. Recuerda que en el presente continuo, el verbo «to be» se conjuga de acuerdo con el sujeto: «I am», «you are», «he/she/it is», «we are», «they are».

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