Ejercicios de Present Simple, Present Perfect y Past Perfect en inglés

Activity 1: Fill in the Blanks

Instructions:

In this activity, you will need to fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb in either Present Simple, Present Perfect, or Past Perfect tense. Read each sentence carefully and choose the appropriate tense based on the context.

1. I _______________ (take) a walk in the park every morning.

2. Sarah _______________ (finish) her homework already.

3. They _______________ (travel) to Japan last year.

4. My parents _______________ (live) in this city for 20 years.

5. We _______________ (not see) him since last month.

6. He always _______________ (complain) about his job.

7. The train _______________ (leave) before we arrived at the station.

8. She _______________ (never try) sushi before.

9. By the time she arrived, I _______________ (already leave).

10. They _______________ (be) friends since childhood.

Answers:

1. take

2. has finished

3. traveled

4. have lived

5. haven’t seen

6. complains

7. had left

8. had never tried

9. had already left

10. have been

Activity 2: Multiple Choice

Instructions:

In this activity, you will need to choose the correct verb tense (Present Simple, Present Perfect, or Past Perfect) to complete each sentence. Carefully read each sentence and select the most appropriate verb tense.

1. She _______________ (goes / has gone / had gone) to the movies every week.

2. Tony _______________ (watches / has watched / had watched) that TV series already.

3. We _______________ (visit / have visited / had visited) Paris last summer.

4. The company _______________ (opens / has opened / had opened) a new branch recently.

5. The package _______________ (arrives / has arrived / had arrived) on time.

6. He _______________ (rarely eats / has rarely eaten / had rarely eaten) fast food.

7. By the time I got there, the event _______________ (starts / has started / had started) already.

8. She _______________ (learns / has learned / had learned) French for two years now.

9. They _______________ (fix / have fixed / had fixed) their car before it broke down.

10. We _______________ (has / have / had) known each other since childhood.

Answers:

1. goes

2. has watched

3. visited

4. has opened

5. has arrived

6. rarely eats

7. had started

8. has learned

9. had fixed

10. have

Activity 3: Sentence Transformation

Instructions:

In this activity, you will need to transform the given sentences by changing the verb tense from Present Simple to Present Perfect or Past Perfect, or vice versa. Use the prompts provided to create new sentences with the correct verb tense.

1. He doesn’t drink coffee. (Present Simple)

Prompt: since he moved to Italy

Answer: He hasn’t drunk coffee since he moved to Italy.

2. We have finished the project. (Present Perfect)

Prompt: before the deadline

Answer: We had finished the project before the deadline.

3. She has seen that movie before. (Present Perfect)

Prompt: never

Answer: She has never seen that movie before.

4. They didn’t go to the party. (Past Simple)

Prompt: after the concert ended

Answer: They hadn’t gone to the party after the concert ended.

5. He goes to the gym every day. (Present Simple)

Prompt: since he started college

Answer: He has gone to the gym every day since he started college.

6. I have lived in this neighborhood for five years. (Present Perfect)

Prompt: since I was a child

Answer: I have lived in this neighborhood since I was a child.

7. She hadn’t heard the news before. (Past Perfect)

Prompt: until I told her

Answer: She hadn’t heard the news until I told her.

8. We visit our grandparents on weekends. (Present Simple)

Prompt: since we were kids

Answer: We have visited our grandparents on weekends since we were kids.

9. He has never been to Europe. (Present Perfect)

Prompt: until last month

Answer: He had never been to Europe until last month.

10. They arrived late for the concert. (Past Simple)

Prompt: after the show started

Answer: They had arrived late for the concert after the show started.

📝 Trucos para el presente simple, presente perfecto y pasado perfecto

1. Presente Simple:

– Añade «s» o «es» al final del verbo en tercera persona del singular (he, she, it).

– Utiliza el verbo en su forma base para todas las demás personas (I, you, we, they).

Ejemplo:

– He plays soccer every weekend. (Él juega fútbol cada fin de semana).

– They eat dinner together every evening. (Ellos cenan juntos todas las noches).

2. Presente Perfecto:

– Utiliza el verbo auxiliar «have» seguido del participio pasado del verbo.

– Añade «s» o «es» al final del verbo auxiliar «have» en tercera persona del singular (he, she, it).

Ejemplo:

– I have studied English for two years. (He estudiado inglés por dos años).

– She has finished her homework. (Ella ha terminado su tarea).

3. Pasado Perfecto:

– Utiliza el verbo auxiliar «had» seguido del participio pasado del verbo.

Ejemplo:

– I had already eaten breakfast when he arrived. (Yo ya había desayunado cuando él llegó).

– They had studied for the exam before the teacher gave it. (Ellos habían estudiado para el examen antes de que el profesor lo diera).

4. Utiliza adverbios de tiempo como «always», «never», «sometimes», «often», «usually», «rarely», entre otros, para expresar con mayor precisión la frecuencia de una acción en el presente simple.

Ejemplo:

– He always goes to the gym on Mondays. (Él siempre va al gimnasio los lunes).

– She rarely eats fast food. (Ella rara vez come comida rápida).

5. Practica con ejercicios y conversaciones cotidianas para asegurarte de comprender y aplicar correctamente los tiempos verbales.

Recuerda que la práctica constante es fundamental para dominar el uso y la estructura de cada uno de estos tiempos verbales en inglés.

Otras actividades: