Ejercicios resueltos para cambiar de estilo directo a indirecto en inglés

Introducción:

En esta actividad, practicaremos cómo cambiar el estilo directo a indirecto en inglés. El estilo directo se utiliza para citar las palabras exactas de alguien, mientras que el estilo indirecto se utiliza para para informar sobre lo que alguien ha dicho de manera más general. A continuación, se presentarán tres actividades distintas con ejercicios resueltos para practicar este cambio de estilo.

Actividad 1:

Cambia el siguiente enunciado de estilo directo a estilo indirecto:

1. «I love to travel,» she said.

2. «I visited Paris last summer,» he said.

3. «We will meet at the park tomorrow,» they said.

4. «Can you help me with this homework?» she asked.

5. «I don’t like coffee,» he said.

6. «I have already finished the report,» he said.

7. «I’m going to the beach this weekend,» she said.

8. «I won the competition,» he said.

9. «I saw a movie yesterday,» she said.

10. «I will call you later,» he said.

Respuestas:

1. She said she loved to travel.

2. He said he had visited Paris last summer.

3. They said they would meet at the park the next day.

4. She asked if he could help her with that homework.

5. He said he didn’t like coffee.

6. He said he had already finished the report.

7. She said she was going to the beach that weekend.

8. He said he had won the competition.

9. She said she had seen a movie the day before.

10. He said he would call later.

Actividad 2:

Cambia el siguiente enunciado de estilo directo a estilo indirecto:

1. «I am studying for the exam,» she said.

2. «I want to buy a new car,» he said.

3. «I finished reading the book yesterday,» she said.

4. «Can you pass me the salt?» he asked.

5. «I have a headache,» she said.

6. «I’m going to the party tonight,» he said.

7. «I passed my driver’s test,» she said.

8. «I will start a new job next month,» he said.

9. «I ate lunch at a restaurant,» she said.

10. «I will meet you at the café,» he said.

Respuestas:

1. She said she was studying for the exam.

2. He said he wanted to buy a new car.

3. She said she had finished reading the book the day before.

4. He asked if she could pass him the salt.

5. She said she had a headache.

6. He said he was going to the party that night.

7. She said she had passed her driver’s test.

8. He said he would start a new job the following month.

9. She said she had eaten lunch at a restaurant.

10. He said he would meet her at the café.

Actividad 3:

Cambia el siguiente enunciado de estilo directo a estilo indirecto:

1. «I want to learn how to play the guitar,» she said.

2. «I am going to visit my grandparents next week,» he said.

3. «I bought a new dress for the party,» she said.

4. «Can you please close the window?» he asked.

5. «I have been studying Spanish for two years,» she said.

6. «I will be late for the meeting,» he said.

7. «I finished my homework early,» she said.

8. «I am thinking of starting a new hobby,» he said.

9. «I watched a movie with my friends yesterday,» she said.

10. «I will send you the report by email,» he said.

Respuestas:

1. She said she wanted to learn how to play the guitar.

2. He said he was going to visit his grandparents the following week.

3. She said she had bought a new dress for the party.

4. He asked if she could please close the window.

5. She said she had been studying Spanish for two years.

6. He said he would be late for the meeting.

7. She said she had finished her homework early.

8. He said he was thinking of starting a new hobby.

9. She said she had watched a movie with her friends the day before.

10. He said he would send her the report by email.

📝 Trucos para las estructuras de estilo indirecto

1. Cambia los pronombres y los tiempos verbales: En el estilo indirecto, es común cambiar los pronombres y los tiempos verbales para adaptar la oración al discurso indirecto. Por ejemplo, si en el discurso directo decimos: «She said, ‘I am happy'», en el estilo indirecto lo podemos cambiar a: «She said that she was happy».

2. Utiliza verbos de reporte: Los verbos de reporte, como «say», «tell», «ask», entre otros, son clave en las estructuras de estilo indirecto en inglés. Asegúrate de utilizarlos correctamente al citar o informar lo que alguien dijo en el discurso indirecto. Por ejemplo, en vez de decir «She said me the truth», debes decir «She told me the truth».

3. Pon atención a las palabras de tiempo y lugar: Las palabras de tiempo y lugar también cambian en el estilo indirecto. Por lo general, los adverbios de lugar se convierten en adverbios de equivalencia o se omiten por completo. Además, las palabras de tiempo pueden cambiar según el contexto. Por ejemplo, si en el discurso directo decimos: «He said, ‘I’ll come tomorrow'», en el estilo indirecto lo podemos cambiar a: «He said that he would come the next day».

Otras actividades: