Ejercicios de conversación de present simple y present continous en inglés

Actividad 1: Descripción de rutinas diarias

En esta actividad, practicaremos el uso del present simple y present continuous al describir nuestras rutinas diarias. El objetivo es utilizar el present simple para hablar de acciones habituales y el present continuous para hablar de actividades en curso en el momento de hablar.

Ejercicios de conversación:

1. What time do you usually wake up in the morning?

2. What do you do after you wake up?

3. Do you have breakfast every day?

4. What time do you usually go to work/school?

5. Do you have any hobbies?

6. Are you currently learning any new skills?

7. How often do you exercise?

8. Are you currently reading any books?

9. Do you listen to music while you work/study?

10. What time do you usually go to bed?

Actividad 2: Descripción de situaciones actuales

En esta actividad, practicaremos el uso del present simple y present continuous al describir situaciones actuales en nuestra vida. El objetivo es utilizar el present simple para describir hechos permanentes y el present continuous para describir situaciones temporales.

Ejercicios de conversación:

1. What languages do you speak?

2. Are you currently studying any foreign languages?

3. Where do you live?

4. Are you currently living with roommates?

5. Do you have any pets?

6. Are you currently working on any projects?

7. What is your favorite hobby?

8. Are you currently taking any classes or courses?

9. Do you often travel?

10. Are you currently saving money for anything special?

Actividad 3: Planes y eventos futuros

En esta actividad, practicaremos el uso del present simple y present continuous al hablar de planes y eventos futuros. El objetivo es utilizar el present simple para hablar de eventos programados y el present continuous para hablar de planes o arreglos futuros.

Ejercicios de conversación:

1. Are you doing anything special this weekend?

2. Do you have any upcoming travel plans?

3. Are you attending any parties or events in the near future?

4. Is there anything exciting happening in your life right now?

5. Are you currently planning any vacations?

6. Do you have any important deadlines coming up?

7. Are you meeting anyone for lunch or dinner later?

8. Do you have any family gatherings or celebrations coming up?

9. Are you currently organizing any social outings or activities?

10. Are you participating in any sports or competitions in the coming months?

Respuestas:

Actividad 1:

1. I usually wake up at 7 am.

2. After I wake up, I brush my teeth and take a shower.

3. Yes, I have breakfast every day. I usually have cereal and a cup of coffee.

4. I usually go to work at 8:30 am.

5. Yes, I have a few hobbies. I enjoy reading and playing the guitar.

6. Yes, I am currently learning how to cook Italian cuisine.

7. I exercise three times a week.

8. Yes, I am currently reading a fiction novel.

9. Yes, I listen to music while I work/study. It helps me stay focused.

10. I usually go to bed around 11 pm.

Actividad 2:

1. I speak English and Spanish.

2. Yes, I am currently studying French.

3. I live in a small town in the countryside.

4. No, I currently live alone.

5. Yes, I have a cat named Coco.

6. Yes, I am currently working on a photography project.

7. My favorite hobby is painting.

8. Yes, I am currently taking a photography class.

9. I travel occasionally, usually once or twice a year.

10. Yes, I am currently saving money for a vacation to Europe.

Actividad 3:

1. Yes, I’m going camping with some friends this weekend.

2. Yes, I’m planning a trip to Thailand next month.

3. Yes, I’m attending a wedding next weekend.

4. Yes, I’m starting a new job next week.

5. Yes, I’m planning a beach vacation for the summer.

6. Yes, I have an important presentation deadline in two weeks.

7. Yes, I’m meeting my sister for dinner later.

8. Yes, we have a family reunion next month.

9. Yes, I’m organizing a hiking trip next weekend.

10. Yes, I’m participating in a marathon in three months.

📝 Trucos para el Presente Simple y Continuo

1. Presente Simple:

– Usa el presente simple para hablar de acciones habituales o verdades generales.

– Agrega una ‘s’ al verbo en tercera persona singular.

– Las oraciones negativas se forman agregando ‘do not’ (don’t) antes del verbo, o ‘does not’ (doesn’t) en tercera persona singular.

– Las oraciones interrogativas se forman invirtiendo el sujeto y el verbo en tercera persona singular.

Ejemplo:

– I eat breakfast every morning. (Yo como desayuno todas las mañanas.)

– She doesn’t like coffee. (A ella no le gusta el café.)

– Does he play basketball? (¿Juega él básquetbol?)

2. Presente Continuo:

– Usa el presente continuo para hablar de acciones que suceden en el momento actual o en un período de tiempo cercano.

– Los verbos se conjugan usando el verbo ‘to be’ (am, is, are) seguido de la forma ‘ing’ del verbo principal.

– Para hacer oraciones negativas, agrega ‘not’ después del verbo ‘to be’.

– Para hacer oraciones interrogativas, invierte el verbo ‘to be’ y el sujeto.

Ejemplo:

– I am writing an email at the moment. (Estoy escribiendo un correo electrónico en este momento.)

– They are not studying for the test. (Ellos no están estudiando para el examen.)

– Is she eating lunch right now? (¿Está ella comiendo almuerzo en este momento?)

3. Recuerda que el presente simple se usa para hábitos o situaciones permanentes, mientras que el presente continuo se usa para acciones en progreso o temporales.

4. Presta atención a la conjugación de los verbos regulares en tercera persona singular en presente simple (agregar ‘s’ al final del verbo). Por ejemplo: play – plays, speak – speaks.

5. Algunos verbos tienen cambios ortográficos al formar el presente continuo. Por ejemplo: run – running, swim – swimming. Presta atención a estos cambios para formar correctamente el presente continuo.

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